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Economics: the strategy and practice

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Гендерный дисбаланс в сфере науки: аналитический обзор и лучшие практики

https://doi.org/10.51176/1997-9967-2023-4-7-21

Аннотация

Цель исследования заключается в аналитическом обзоре передовых международных практик выявления гендерных дисбалансов в научно-исследовательской деятельности в целях выработки рекомендаций для Казахстана. В статье авторы рассматривают передовые зарубежные стратегии и подходы, включающие в себя постановку систему целей, политику и мониторинг программы поддержки (т.е. политику предпочтительного найма, профессиональное развитие и поощрение исследований по гендерному равенству). В исследовании проанализированы стратегические направления и передовые практики зарубежных стран на основе использования матрицы индикаторов STEM and ender Advancement, а также проведен библиографический анализ на базе программного продукта VosViewer. Библиографический анализ позволил выделить следующие кластерные сети, «Наука и исследования», «гендерное неравенство», и «трудоустройство и гендерная сегрегация». В исследовательской работе изучены передовые практики Швеции, Дании, Норвегии Исландии, Германии, Канады, Австралии, Кувейта, Египта и Алжира по борьбе с гендерным дисбалансом в научной среде. Среды выявленных практик менторские программы, выделения квот, улучшение финансирования исследований, а также внесение изменений в законодательные акты. В ходе анализа были выявлены передовые практики, которые предлагается адаптировать в дальнейшем к условиям Казахстана.

Об авторах

А. А. Киреева
Институт экономики КН МНВО РК
Казахстан

к.э.н., ассоциированный профессор, заведующий отделом

ул. Шевченко 29, A25K1B0, Алматы



Г. С. Олжебаева
Almaty Management University
Казахстан

PhD докторант

ул. Розыбакиева 227, A15P2M5, Алматы



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Киреева А.А., Олжебаева Г.С. Гендерный дисбаланс в сфере науки: аналитический обзор и лучшие практики. Economics: the strategy and practice. 2023;18(4):7-21. https://doi.org/10.51176/1997-9967-2023-4-7-21

For citation:


Kireyeva A.A., Olzhebayeva G.S. Gender Imbalance in Science: Analytical Overview and Best Global Practices. Economics: the strategy and practice. 2023;18(4):7-21. (In Kazakh) https://doi.org/10.51176/1997-9967-2023-4-7-21

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ISSN 1997-9967 (Print)
ISSN 2663-550X (Online)