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Декарбонизация экономики Казахстана: перспективы энергетического перехода

https://doi.org/10.51176/1997-9967-2023-4-55-72

Аннотация

Нарастающая значимость углеродного следа продукции в международной конкуренции активизируют поиск новых подходов к декарбонизации стран с переходной экономикой. В статье обобщаются достигнутые Казахстаном результаты по преодолению трудностей реализации «зелёного» подхода и поиску эффективных путей декарбонизации экономики. Методологическая основа исследования базируется на системном подходе к оценке устойчивости развития Казахстана и обобщению мирового опыта перехода к низкоуглеродной экономике. Авторы концентрируют внимание на актуальных проблемах промышленности в контексте создания экономики замкнутого цикла, основанной на возобновляемых ресурсах. Показано влияние трансформации энергетической системы на экономику страны. Обосновано, что снижение цен на сырьевые товары на мировых рынках и зависимость экономики от энергетики отрицательно влияют как на топливно-энергетический комплекс, так и смежные отрасли. Установлено, что одним из эффективных способов укрепления позиций Казахстана в международных производственно-сбытовых цепочках является реализация проактивной стратегии по декарбонизации промышленности с учетом национальных интересов. Учитывая, что страна продолжает демонстрировать относительно высокие уровни энергоемкости в общемировом масштабе, прогресс добывающих отраслей требует государственного содействия и активизации государственно-частного партнерства.

Об авторах

Г. М. Аубакирова
Карагандинский технический университет имени Абылкаса Сагинова
Казахстан

д.э.н., профессор

ул. Н. Назарбаева 56, 100027, Караганда



В. В. Бирюков
Карагандинский технический университет имени Абылкаса Сагинова
Казахстан

д.э.н., доцент

ул. Н. Назарбаева 56, 100027, Караганда



Ф. М. Исатаева
Карагандинский технический университет имени Абылкаса Сагинова
Казахстан

PhD

ул. Н. Назарбаева 56, 100027, Караганда



С. К. Мажитова
Карагандинский университет Казпотребсоюза
Казахстан

к.э.н., доцент

ул. Академическая 9, 100009, Караганда



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Аубакирова Г.М., Бирюков В.В., Исатаева Ф.М., Мажитова С.К. Декарбонизация экономики Казахстана: перспективы энергетического перехода. Economics: the strategy and practice. 2023;18(4):55-72. https://doi.org/10.51176/1997-9967-2023-4-55-72

For citation:


Aubakirova G.M., Biryukov V.V., Issatayeva F.M., Mazhitova S.K. Decarbonization of the Kazakhstan Economy: Prospects for the Energy Transition. Economics: the strategy and practice. 2023;18(4):55-72. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.51176/1997-9967-2023-4-55-72

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ISSN 1997-9967 (Print)
ISSN 2663-550X (Online)